Kontaktai      Rašykite mums       KK TV       Siūlo darbą       Foto       Prenumerata Lietuviškai По-русски English
2021 Balandis 12 Pirmadienis

Congratulations to Yuan Li on His Return to the Winding Valley 1

2009-11-24 09:05 | Culture | Komentarų (8)

Han, Yu 2 (768 -824 CE)

There is a winding valley south of Tai-hang Mountain. In the valley, there are rich soils, luxuriant vegetation, and sweet spring water, but few inhabitants. Some say, “The valley winds between two mountains, so it is called the Winding Valley.” Others say, “The secluded location and difficult passage invites hermits to meander around this valley.” My friend Yuan Li lived there.

Yuan said, “I have witnessed the life of a dignitary. He is the one who does favors for others and is celebrated during his time. While he sits in the emperor’s court, he appoints and dismisses officials, and assists the emperor in giving orders. When he goes out, his entourage displays splendid flags and various weapons to flaunt his importance. His guards lead the way with his followers crowding behind, blocking traffic. Servants provide the dignitary with supplies and services. They line both sides of the road and speed along with his errands. If the dignitary is happy, he will reward them. If he is angry, he will punish them. Talented people congregate around him and praise his greatness by comparing him to historical figures. He never tires of listening to these stories. His wives have arched eyebrows and rosy cheeks. They wear white powder and paint their eyelids green. They are beautiful outside and brilliant inside. Their voices are clear and melodious, and their footsteps seem weightless. While they walk, their sleeves and the trains of their garments flow behind them. They live lives of leisure in fancy chambers. Some are jealous; others are secure. They compete to win their master’s love with beauty and delicacy. This is the life of a person who assumes authority and is regarded highly by the emperor.

“I have no objection to a life of high rank and would not try to escape from it if given the opportunity. It is my fate that I cannot enjoy such a fortunate life. I live simply in the wild and climb mountains to look into the distance. I love to sit under a luxurious tree all day and then take a bath in a limpid spring. The wild vegetables I gather in the mountains are delicious. The fish caught from the water are fresh. My daily life has no set schedule. I do whatever pleases me. I would rather be found blameless by future generations than be honored by people around me. I would rather be free from worry than enjoy sensual pleasure. If one does not desire a splendid carriage or fancy clothing, he will not be punished for his greed by knife and saw. If one is not involved in politics, his emotions will not be affected by promotions or demotions. This lifestyle suits one who is idealistic but has no chance to realize his dreams. I resolved to pursue this ideal.

“Suppose one serves a high-ranking official at the official’s door, busily running about to follow the trend to worldly success. His feet are going to advance, but he hesitates to move. He wants to speak the truth, but he does not have the courage to do so. By and by he no longer feels shame for being corrupted. Once he violates the law, he may be sentenced to death. However, he still wants to pursue that unattainable wealth and power by any means until he becomes old and dies. It is easy to decide whether or not this kind of life is worth pursuing.”

After listening to Yuan’s words, I admired his decision to return home. Therefore, I toasted him and sang for him, “The Winding Valley is your paradise. You may cultivate its land. Its spring can cleanse and can be enjoyed for its beauty. This valley is difficult to reach. Who would want to take this land from you? The Winding Valley is long and deep. It is so wide that you have plenty of space to live. It is sinuous: it goes one direction and then suddenly turns back. It is a great joy to live in this place. The traces of tigers and leopards are remote; horned dragons have fled and hidden. The patron god protects this land and repels ill omens. The food and drink produced here will give you a long and healthy life. You have everything you need, what else do you desire? Let me prepare my carriage and feed my horses. I would like to follow you to the Winding Valley and live a carefree life.”

1 After Han’s friend Yuan Li was dismissed from his office, Han wrote him this letter.

2 Tui-zi was Yu Han’s other first name. He was a native of Nan-yang City (present day Meng-xian City of Henan Province). His ancestors used to live in Chang-li City (west of present day Xu-shui-xian City in Hebei Province), so he called himself “Yu Han from Chang-li City” When he was three, his parents died. His brother’s wife raised him. He studied hard during his early years and mastered the Six Bibles and various schools of philosophy. In 792 CE, he passed the Advanced Exam. At the peak of his career, he was the Deputy Minister of the Civil Service. He was given the posthumous name “Wen” (literature) by the emperor. While he was the Deputy Minister of the Judicial Department, Emperor De sent an envoy to India to acquire Buddha’s bones. Yu Han wrote the emperor a letter to admonish him for his edict. Emperor De was furious and wanted to put Han to death. Due to Du Pei and others’ rescue effort, Han’s punishment was reduced from death to a demotion to the position of mayor of Chao-zhou City. His reputation of moral courage caused a sensation throughout China. He had great expectations for himself and regarded developing Confucianism as his responsibility. From the Wei and Jin dynasties through the Tang dynasty, Buddhism and Taoism were popular. Yu Han rejected them without regard for his own life. In the early Tang dynasty, writers loved to write essays in poetry form. Han advocated that an essay must have a virtuous theme and tried to revolutionize literature by reverting to an ancient style. He also advocated for replacing the contemporary essays written in poetry form with prose. Han’s views on literature greatly affected the literature of both his contemporaries and later generations. Anthologists of later generations collected the essays of Yu Han, Zong-yuan Liu, Xiu Ou-yang, Gong Zeng, An-shi Wang, Xun Su, Shi Su, and Che Su as exemplary essays for literature students, and called the above eight essayists the Eight Masters of Literature During the Tang and Song dynasties. Yu Han was ranked first.

Dong-po Su commented on Yu Han’s writing: “Chinese literature had been lifeless for eight generations until Han published his essays. Han proposed that an essay must have a virtuous theme. His effort in promoting virtue saved China from drowning in pessimism.”

Translated by Li-Chung Wang




  1. Hello there,

    My name is Aly and I would like to know if you would have any interest to have your website here at komentaras.lt promoted as a resource on our blog alychidesign.com ?

    We are in the midst of updating our broken link resources to include current and up to date resources for our readers. Our resource links are manually approved allowing us to mark a link as a do-follow link as well
    If you may be interested please in being included as a resource on our blog, please let me know.


    Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

    • A fine, ripe product of the Brie region, even more pungent after several hours travel. The customs officer opened my case (his own fault – I did warn him), gave a short staelgnrd gasp and waved me through. My mum made me keep it in the shed.

      Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  2. I posted for house clineang awhile back and forgot to mention my home number as well,,,, I am offering a very economicaly friendly service,,, I also offer pet setting, house setting,stall clineang,weed pulling, house painting, etc,,,and I do know there are believe it or not ,people who do need help with their computers,email, and even cell phones ,,I currently work at a local business and have alot of reference’s, I enjoy what i do and will work with everyone moneywise,,,,Thanks,,,Dianna,,,,home 849-3406

    Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  3. Tainuostabus gabalas raštu visiems interneto vartotojams , jie galės pasinaudoti iš jos , aš esu įsitikinęs .

    Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

Video reportažas



Aktualu. Komentarai
LŠMPS pirmininkas: premjerė I. Šimonytė ir ministrė J. Šiugždinienė nenustoja stebinti blogąja prasme 1
Evaldas Rapolas: kada nepagrįsta nuomonė tampa realia grėsme įmonių reputacijai?
Foto reportažai Aktualu Naujausias numeris
Vidurnaktį baigs galioti judėjimo ribojimai tarp savivaldybių 
Po antradienį įvykusio neformalaus ministrų pasitarimo, sveikatos apsaugos ministras Arūnas Dulkys žiniasklaidą informavo,...

„Baltic Block“ plečia partnerių tinklą: pradeda bendradarbiauti su tarptautine padėklų ir konteinerių nuomos bendrove „Chep“ 
    Viena didžiausių medienos drožlių padėklų gamintojų Europoje, Latvijos kompanija „Baltic Block“,...

Lietuvos miestuose vyks piketų banga dėl Seimo darbo grupės netinkamai išnagrinėtos situacijos Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centre (4)
Žurnalistas Liudas Dapkus rašo, kad „istorija yra svarbus kovos ginklas“. Šių dienų įvykiai...

„MOKI VEŽI“ atveria parduotuvių duris 
Nuo kovo 15 d., laikantis visų saugos reikalavimų, atidaromos visos šalyje veikiančios 24 „MOKI...

Grįžimas į biurą po pandemijos: ko prireiks? 
Spartėjant skiepijimo procesui ir keičiantis karantino sąlygoms, daugelis įmonių jau pradeda svarstyti apie...

Kaip išsirinkti Gelį Nagams? 
Prieš dešimtmetį nagų gelis nebuvo toks populiarus, kaip šiandien. Dažniausiai jį rinkdavosi nagų...


Naujovė KK Facebook

Politika   Bylos, sukrėtusios Lietuvą
Valdžios sektoriaus balansas 2020 metais: 3,5 mlrd. eurų deficitas
Išankstiniais duomenimis, 2020 metų Lietuvos valdžios sektoriaus deficitas sudarė 3,5...
Prezidentas kviečia šalinti kliūtis didelės rizikos grupių skiepijimui
Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentas Gitanas Nausėda, antradienį nuotoliniu būdu susitikęs su...
Lietuva vidaus rinkoje pasiskolino 75 mln. eurų
Vyriausybės vertybinių popierių (VVP) aukcione pirmadienį papildyta obligacijų emisija už...
LAT pritarė apeliacinės instancijos teismo išvadoms dėl Vilniaus universiteto pareigos atlyginti neturtinę ir turtinę žalą Norvegijos kalnuose žuvusios studentės tėvams (6)
Lietuvos Aukščiausiasis Teismas atmetė Vilniaus universiteto kasacinį skundą ir paliko...
Nepramušamas VU „betonas“ – aukšti teisėjai ir prokurorai? (5)
Giedrė Gorienė „Ir mažas akmenukas didelį vežimą išverčia“, – sako...
Kada naikinsime nereikalingus teismus? (5)
Giedrė Gorienė Kada naikinsime aukštesnės instancijos teismus? Kam jie apskritai...

Teisėsauga   Verslas, ekonomika
Tikslinamos asmens sulaikymo sąlygos – aiškesni pagrindai ir procedūros (2)
Geriau įgyvendinti asmens teisę apginti savo laisvę, aiškiau reglamentuoti laikinojo...
Prezidentas paskyrė Lietuvos apeliacinio teismo Civilinių bylų skyriaus pirmininką (2)
Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentas Gitanas Nausėda, vadovaudamasis Konstitucija, Teismų įstatymu ir...
Lietuvos advokatūra apie šios dienos sulaikymus: Lietuvoje įsivyrauja „sulaikymo prezumpcija“ (2)
Lietuvos advokatūra, reaguodama į žinomų mūsų šalies asociacijų ir asmenų...
R. Viršilas. Kiek įmonių socialinėje atsakomybėje yra atsakomybės?
Rolandas Viršilas  Jau metai, kaip gyvename naujos realybės – pandemijos...
„SME Finance“ steigia neobanką verslo klientams
Tikimasi, kad tik verslo klientams skirtas neobankas veiklą pradės 2021...
„Luminor“ ir SEB bankai „Agrochemai“ suteikė 100 milijonų eurų sindikuotą paskolą
Koncernui „Achemos grupė“ priklausanti žemės ūkio paslaugų ir prekybos bendrovė...
Krašto apsauga   Užsienis
Krašto apsaugos viceministras M. Abukevičius: „Kibernetinis saugumas – visų atsakomybė“
Efektyviai užtikrinti ypatingos svarbos informacinių išteklių valdytojų kibernetinį saugumą, stiprinti...
Lietuvos kariuomenei perduoti dar 142 nauji sunkvežimiai „Unimog“
Spalio 21 d. Lietuvos kariuomenei perduoti dar 142 nauji penkių...
R. Karoblis naujuoju kariuomenės vadu siūlo Sausumos pajėgų vadą gen. mjr. V. Rupšį (1)
Krašto apsaugos ministras Raimundas Karoblis naujuoju Lietuvos kariuomenės vadu Prezidentui...
Pretendentė į EK pirmininkes sulaukė europarlamentarų reakcijos (1)
Pretendentė į Europos Komisijos (EK) pirmininkės postą Ursula von der...
V.Zelenskis „nokautavo“ P.Porošenką (8)
    Pomaidaninio Ukrainos prezidento Petro Porošenko „puota karo metu“...
Dėl Skripalių apnuodijimo S.Lavrovas pirštu dūrė į NATO: „Tai ne „Novyčiok“, o BZ“ (25)
Rusijos URM ministras Sergejus Lavrovas pareiškė, kad Cheminio ginklo draudimo...
Sportas   Laiškai
“PingPongiuko”akademija kviečia (1)
Oficialus klubo Facebook puslapis>>>...
Cristiano Ronaldo sezoną temdo priekabiavimo skandalas (1)
Cristiano Ronaldo – vienas geriausių planetos futbolininkų. Apie šį portugalą...
Lietuvos rinktinės laukia kroatų išbandymas (1)
  Lietuvos nacionalinė vyrų krepšinio rinktinė tęsia kovą dėl galimybės...
Kam tarnauja Šaulių sąjunga (9)
Kaip manote ar visi Šaulių sąjungoje pritaria jūsų sąjungos nariui...
Geradarei savanoriai pačiai prireikė pagalbos (1)
Nuo nelaimės nėra apsaugotas niekas. Likimas skaudžiai skriaudžia ir tuos,...
Mulkinanti apklausa “Mes europiečiai”” (3)
Šiuo metu – 2019.05.11, 17:30, – portale lrytas.lt  vykdoma apklausa,...